ANGUILLA

Motto: 
Strength and Endurance
Location:
The most northerly of the Leeward Islands in the Eastern Caribbean. Latitude 18 degrees North, Longitude 63 degrees West
 
History:

Anguilla was first settled by Amerindian tribes who migrated from South America. The earliest Amerindian artefacts found on Anguilla have been dated to around 1300 BC, and remains of settlements date from 600 AD. The date of European discovery is uncertain: some sources claim that Columbus sighted the island in 1493, while others state that the island was first discovered by the French in 1564 or 1565.

The name Anguilla derives from the word for "eel" in any of various Romance languages (modern Spanish: anguila; French: anguille; Italian: anguilla), probably chosen because of the island's eel-like shape.

Anguilla was first colonised by English settlers from Saint Kitts, beginning in 1650. Other early arrivals included Europeans from Antigua and Barbados. It is likely that some of these early Europeans brought enslaved Africans with them. Historians confirm that African slaves lived in the region in the early seventeenth century. For example, Africans from Senegal lived in St. Christopher (today St. Kitts) in 1626.

By 1672 a slave depot existed on the island of Nevis, serving the Leeward Islands. While the time of African arrival in Anguilla is difficult to place precisely, archive evidence indicates a substantial African presence (at least 100) on the island by 1683.

The island was administered by England, and later the United Kingdom, until the early nineteenth century when – against the wishes of the inhabitants – it was incorporated into a single British dependency along with Saint Kitts and Nevis. After two rebellions in 1967 and 1969 and brief period as a self-declared independent republic headed by Ronald Webster, British rule was fully restored in 1969. Anguilla became a separate British dependency (now termed a British overseas territory) in 1980.

Elections:
Last held 2010. Next election due 2015
Ruling Party: Anguilla United Movement (AUM)
Major Political Parties: 
Anguilla Patriotic Movement, Anguilla Progressive Party, Anguilla Strategic Alliance, Anguilla United Front, an alliance of: Anguilla Democratic Party and Anguilla National Alliance, Anguilla United Movement, Movement for Grassroots Democracy
 
Head of State: 
His Excellency William Alistair Harrison,  Governor
Head of Government: 

The Honourable Hubert Benjamin Hughes, Chief Minister

Date of Birth:  15 October 1933

Marital Status: Married

Professional/Political Career:

1994:  Appointed Chief Minister
1999:  Re-appointed chief Minister
2000-2004:  Leader of the Opposition
2010:  Elected Chief Minister                      

Portfolios:
Chief Minister and Minister of Finance Economic Development, Investment and Tourism

 

Economic Summary: 
Anguilla has few natural resources, and the economy depends heavily on luxury tourism, offshore banking, lobster fishing, and remittances from emigrants. Increased activity in the tourism industry has spurred the growth of the construction sector, contributing to economic growth.
 
Anguillan officials have put substantial effort into developing the offshore financial sector, which is small, but growing. In the medium term, prospects for the economy will depend largely on the tourism sector and, therefore, on revived income growth in the industrialized nations as well as on favorable weather conditions.
 
Airports: Wall Blake Airport
Status:
Overseas Territory of the United Kingdom
Capital:
The Valley
Area:
 35 miles2
Population: 
13,477 (2006 est.)
Social Indicators: Education: compulsory from age 5 to 15 yrs
Infant Mortality Rate: 3.54 deaths/ 1,000 live births
Life Expectancy: Male: 78.01 years; Female: 83.12 years (2008 est.)
Currency:
Eastern Caribbean Dollar
GDP: $578.49 EC million (2006)
GDP Per Capita (at current market prices): 
EC$41,666  (2006)
Total Exports: 
$28.7 million EC (2006)
Total Imports:
$415.7 million EC  (2006)
Exports to CARICOM: $8.2 EC million (2005)
Imports from CARICOM: $$44 EC million (2005)
Date of CARICOM Associate Membership:
4 July 1999
 
National Holidays:
New Year's Day (1 January), Good Friday*, Easter Monday*, Labour Day ( 1 May), Whit Monday, Anguilla Day (30 May),  Queen's Birthday*, August Monday, August Thursday, Constitution Day, Separation Day, Christmas Day, Boxing Day
 
National Song:

God Bless Anguilla

God bless Anguilla
Nurture and keep her
Noble and beauteous
She stands midst the sea
Oh land of the happy
A haven we'll make thee
Our lives and love
We give unto thee

Chorus

With heart and soul
We'll build a nation
Proud, strong and free
We'll love her hold her
Dear to our hearts for eternity
Let truth and right
our banner be
We'll march ever on

Mighty we'll make
Long may she prosper
God grant her leaders
wisdom and grace
May glory and honour
Ever attend her
Firm shall she stand
Throughout every age

National Anthem: God Save the Queen

God save our gracious Queen,
Long live our noble Queen,
God save The Queen.
Send her victorious,
Happy and glorious,
Long to reign over us:
God save The Queen.

O Lord our God, arise,
Scatter our enemies,
And make them fall;
Confound their politics,
Frustrate their knavish tricks;
On thee our hopes we fix:
God save us all.

Thy choicest gifts in store
On her be pleased to pour,
Long may she reign.
May she defend our laws,
And ever give us cause
To sing with heart and voice,
God save The Queen.

Favourite Dish:
Rice and Peas and Fish
Government website: http://www.gov.ai
National Symbols:    
(January  2012)
 
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